Working with data

Aims and objectives

This module will:

  • explain what data is
  • examine how data is used
  • explore ways to analyse data.

After completing this module, you will be able to:

  • find, clean and use data
  • evaluate and select tools to analyse and display data.

6. Cite data

You should cite any datasets you use in your reference list, just as you would books or journal articles.


Example of a data citation in APA 6th style:

Rhodes, J. (2014). Spatial map of resistance estimates for the koala (Phascolarcotos cinereus) in South East Queensland. [Dataset]. doi:10.14264/uql.2014.6

A digital object identifier (DOI) is a persistent identifier that takes you to the current URL of a resource. Do you know how to find a resource using the DOI? 

  1. Go to doi.org
  2. Enter the doi of the dataset from the previous example — 10.14264/uql.2014.6
  3. Click Submit

It will open the dataset record in UQ eSpace.

These Library referencing style guides include information on how to cite a dataset in that particular style:

If the style you use does not include specific information on how to cite datasets, cite the dataset elements in a similar manner to other formats in your style.

The standard elements to include:

  • Author
  • Year/Date
  • Title
  • Publisher
  • DOI or URL

See more on the elements of a data citation, including examples in APA, Chicago and MLA styles.

The Data citation section, in our guide to managing research data, has more information on the importance of data citation.

Duration:   Approximately 30 minutes


Graduate attributes

Knowledge and skills you can gain to contribute to your Graduate attributes:

 Independence and creativity

 Critical judgement

 Ethical and social understanding


Check your knowledge

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