Legislation

2. Legislative process

It is important you understand how legislation is made. This knowledge will assist you in research tasks such as:

  • tracking proposed legislation prior to enactment
  • locating parliamentary documents needed in statutory interpretation.

Queensland legislative process

The passage of a Bill through parliament is similar in most common law jurisdictions. One noteworthy difference is that the Queensland Parliament has abolished its Legislative Council. The diagram below reflects the typical passage of a Bill through the Queensland Parliament rather than the legislative process of a parliament with two houses.

Diagram showing the legislative process in Queensland.
Diagram showing the legislative process in Queensland.
 

The passage of a Bill through Parliament is similar in most common law jurisdictions. In Queensland, the process is as follows:

  • introduced to Parliament by the Minister responsible
  • read for the first time — explanatory speech
  • proceeds to Committee stage (optional) — consideration and report from the relevant committee
  • read for a second time
  • moves to consideration in detail — Bill considered clause by clause (amendments can be made at this time)
  • read for the third time — agreed to
  • considered by other house (in bicameral parliaments)
  • receives Royal Assent — and is enacted.

Read more about the Queensland's parliamentary process in the Queensland Legislation Handbook or Queensland Parliament's Factsheet 3.6 (PDF, 269KB)

The Parliament of Australia's Infosheet 7 Making Laws describes how bills are proposed considered and passed at a federal level.